Know What You Wear

Sunday, December 10, 2017

What is Garment | Classification of Garments

Definition of garment:
What is garment? It is a common question for many people. Actually a garment is a piece of clothing which is manufactured by fabric or textile materials for protecting human body and decorated purpose. These materials can be natural, cellulose and synthetic fibers. There are many types of garments like woven or knitted with different names and uses. Garments can both metaphorically and literally bear the imprint of its wearers as objects that have been worn, carried or used to adorn, their persons.

Classification of Garments:
Garments could be classified based on several aspects as there is no standard classification system available. However, the garments could be classified based on the gender as male or female, or age as children’s garments. Generally, based on use, style and material, different varieties of garments show different styles.

Presently, the garments are classified based on the following aspects:

1. Type of fabric:

  • Knit (T-shirt, sweater)
  • Woven (shirt, suitings and denim)
  • Nonwoven (diaper, socks)
2. Season:
  • Winter (jacket)
  • Summer (tank top)
  • Spring (singlet)
  • Autumn (shirt)
  • Late Autumn (shirt (design))
3. Events:
  • Party (fashion wear)
  • Active (regular wear)
  • Evening gown (outfit)
  • Night (soft fit)
4. Application:
  • Formal (collar shirt)
  • Swimwear (bikini, cover ups)
  • Sportswear (trouser)
  • Lingerie (inner wear, sleep wear)
5. Method of manufacture:
  • Readymade (complete)
  • Tailored (measurement)
  • Furnishing (automated)
6. Source:
  • Leather (leather)
  • Natural (leaf)
  • Artificial (fur)
7. Gender and age:
  • Women’s (skirts)
  • Men’s (tongo)
  • Kid’s (toga)
  • Toddler (bibs)
8. Shape and styling:
  • Dresses (sari)
  • Shirts (neck wear)
  • Skirts (elastic and stitches)
  • Suits (official outfit)
9. Length of garment:
  • Shorts (panty wear)
  • Three quarters (cargo pant)
  • Full wear (pant)
  • Bermuda wear (thigh wear)
  • Pullover (stockings)
Harmonised system:
A harmonised system (HS) was established under the support of the Customs Cooperation Council (CCC) on 14 June 1983. The purposes of the HS are to

  1. Support international trade
  2. Facilitate the collection and comparison of statistics
  3. Facilitate the standardisation of the trade documentation and transmission of data
  4. Promote a close correlation among import and export trade statistics and production statistics
Classification and categories of apparel under Harmonised system:
The classification of readymade garments is highly complicated due to diverse assortments of fashions and at the same time highly sensitive because of the imposition of quantitative restraint under the Multi Fibre Agreement. The classification of garments under HS is shown in Figure.

Figure: Classification of garments under HS

You can also like:
  1. Different Departments in Garment Industry
  2. Production System in Garment Industry
References:
  1. Apparel Manufacturing Technology by T. Karthik, P. Ganesan, and D. Gopalakrishnan
  2. Garment Manufacturing Technology by Rajkishore Nayak and Rajiv Padhye